18+ Biosphere Reserve in India || Unesco World Network

Today we shall learn about 18 Biosphere Reserve in India. The Biosphere Reserve is a large protected area, so compared to a century or a National Park, a biosphere reserve is a larger protected area and this again is meant for the conservation of wildlife plants and animal resources. Biosphere reserve areas are meant for the conservation of biodiversity of a specific area. The entire flora and fauna in this region are preserved in its natural habitat. It also helps in the maintenance of biodiversity culture.

These areas were created by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization known as UNESCO under a program called Man and Biosphere (MAB) in 1968.

When it comes to a Biosphere Reserve it is made up of three main parts. The first part is the Core Zone which is strongly protected for the conservation of by logical diversity and also to make sure that different types of plants and animals are safe from human impact.

The second part is called a Buffer Zone and it surrounds the Core Zones and provides a space for Environmental Research recreation and tourism.

Then comes the last part it is called a Transition Zone. This area is for local communities that have a hand in managing the resources of the area that is through farming, fisheries and other Non-Governmental activities.

List Of The Important National Parks In India

At present India has 80 Biosphere Reserves in india.

Let’s learn the Important 18 Biosphere Reserves in India names:

1.Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve in Himachal Pradesh

It has been Valley National Park and it is located within Lao and Safety district of Himachal Pradesh. The main animal found here is Snow Leopard.

Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve in india of Himachal Pradesh
snow-leopard

2.Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in Uttarakhand

It was expanded to encompass the Valley of Flowers National Park and a larger Buffer Zone. It was renamed to Nanda Devi and the value of flowers National Park in 2005, Nowadays Nanda Devi biosphere reserve. It covers parts of Chameli with Oregon and Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand. On the main animals found here are Snow Leopard and Himalayan Black Bear.

Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in india of Uttarakhand
Himalayan Bear

3.Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve in Shikim

It is a national park and the Biosphere Reserve located in Shikim. The main animals found here are again Snow Leopard and Red Panda.

Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve in India of Sikkim
Red Panda

4.Dihang Dibangg Biosphere Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh

It lies in Arunachal Pradesh. The Mouling National Park and the Dibangg Wildlife Sanctuary are located within this Biosphere Reserve. The reserve spreads over three districts that are the Dibang Valley Upper Siang and West Siang. The main animals that are found here are Mishmi takin and Musk deer.

Dihang  Dibangg Biosphere Reserve in India of Arunachal Pradesh
Musk deer

5.Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in Assam

It is located in the Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district in Assam. It was designated a Biosphere Reserve in July 1997. The main animal found in this region is Golden Langur.

Dibru-Saikhowa National in India of  Assam
Golden Langur

6.Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam

It is a National Park, it is UNESCO ‘Natural World Heritage Site’.It a Project Tiger reserve, an Elephant Reserve and Biosphere Reserve in Assam. The main animal found here is Golden Langu and Red Panda.

7.Nokerk Biosphere Reserve in Meghalaya

It is the core area is a national park. It is located in West Garo Hills districts of Meghalaya. UNESCO added this national park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009. The main animal found in this region is Red Panda.

8.Kutch Biosphere Reserve in Gujarat

It was designated as a Biosphere Reserve in January 2008. It covers parts of Kutch, Raj Code, Sundar Nagar and Pattan district. It is the largest Biosphere Reserve in India. The main animal found in this region is Indian Wild Ass.

Kutch Biosphere Reserve in India of Gujarat
Indian Wild Ass

9.Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

It lies in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh. It is located within the areas of Hoshangabad, Betul and Chhindwara districts in Madhya Pradesh. The main animals found here is Giant Squirrel and Flying Squirrel.

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve in India of  Madhya Pradesh
Giant Squirrel

10.Panna National Park in Madhya Pradesh

It is a national park located in Panna and Chatrapur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is designated as Biosphere Reserve in August 2011. The main animals found in Panna National Park are Tiger, Sheetal, chinkara, Sambar, and Sloth Bear.

Panna National Park in India of  Madhya Pradesh
Sloth Bear

11.Achanakmar and Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve in Chhatisgarh

It lies in the state of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. In Chhattisgarh it lies in Bilaspur district and in Madhya Pradesh it covers two districts that are Anuppur and Dindori. The main animals found here are Four Horned Antelope, Indian Wild Dog and White-rumped Vulture.

Achanakmar and Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve in India of Chhattisgarh
Indian Wild Dog

12.Sundarban National Park in West Bengal

It is a national park, Tiger Reserve and Biosphere is lying in West Bengal. The main animal found here is Bengal Tiger. In May 1984 it was declared a National Park. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in scripted in 87. It is considered as a World Network of Biosphere Reserve that is Man and Biosphere Reserve in 2001.

Sundarban National Park in West in india of Bengal
An Indian tiger in the wild. Royal ,Bengal tiger

13.Simplipal National Park in Orissa

It lies in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa. This reserve is a part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserve since 2009. The important animals found here are Gao (wild Cow), Royal Bengal Tiger and Asian Elephants.

Simplipal National Park in India of Orissa
Asian Elephants

14.Seshachalam Hills Biosphere Reserve in Andhra Pradesh

In 2010 it was designated as a Biosphere Reserve. It spreads over two districts of Chittor and Kadapa of southern Andhra Pradesh. The main animal found here is Slender Loris.

Seshachalam Hills Biosphere Reserve in India of  Andhra Pradesh
Slender Loris.

15.Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats

It is an international Biosphere Reserve in the Western Ghats and the Nilgiri hills ranges of South India. It includes the Madhumalai, Mukurti Nagarhole and Bandipur national parks.

16.Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in Kerala

It was established in 2001 in Kerala. It lies in Kerala as well as Tamil Nadu. Agasthyamala a Biosphere Reserve became a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves in 2016. It is also under UNESCO world list of Biosphere Reserves. The main animals are Nilgiri Nahar and Elephants.

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in India of Kerala
Elephants

17.Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

In 1986 a group of 21 Isolates line of the Tamil Nadu Coast that is between Totto kori and Dhanush kori was declared the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park. The park and it’s ten (10) kilometre buffer zone was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1989. Now it lies one (1) to ten (10) kilometres away from the east coast of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is the core area of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve which was declared in 2001. Which includes a ten (10) kilometre buffer zone around the park including the populated coastal area. Gulf of Mannar is also known as the Pearl Banks of India. The endangered species found in this region include Dolphins, Gong’s, whales and Sea Cucumbers.

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park in india
Gong’s, whales

18.Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

The name itself suggests that it lies in Nicobar Island. Well in this Biosphere lies two different national parks and they are Campbell Bay, National Park. Which lies on the northern part of the Island and the Galathea national path in the southern interiors. The main animals found in this region are Nicobar Long-Tailed Macaque, Saltwater crocodile, Giant leatherback sea Turtle, Malayan box Turtle, Nicobar tree Shoe, Reticulated Python and Giant Robber crab ( also known as coconut crab).

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve in india
Giant leatherback sea Turtle

World Network of 18 Biosphere Reserves in India List

SL No.Biosphere Reserves in IndiaLocation
1Cold Desert Biosphere ReserveHimachal Pradesh
2Nanda Devi Biosphere ReserveUttarakhand
3Kanchenjunga Biosphere ReserveShikim
4Dihang Dibangg Biosphere ReserveArunachal Pradesh
5Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam
6Manas National Park Assam
7Nokerk Biosphere ReserveMeghalaya
8Kutch Biosphere ReserveGujarat
9Pachmarhi Biosphere ReserveMadhya Pradesh
10Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh
11Achanakmar and Amarkantak Biosphere ReserveChhatisgarh
12Sundarban National ParkWest Bengal
13Simplipal National ParkOrissa
14Seshachalam Hills Biosphere ReserveAndhra Pradesh
15Nilgiri Biosphere ReserveWestern Ghats
16Agasthyamala Biosphere ReserveKerala
17Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu Coast
18Great Nicobar Biosphere ReserveNicobar Island
18+ Biosphere Reserves in India pdfDownload

Some Extra Information about 18 Biosphere Reserves in India

  • First Biosphere Reserve in India = Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • Smallest Biosphere Reserve in India = Gulf of Mannar.
  • Biosphere Reserve in Assam = Manas Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Latest Biosphere Reserve in India = Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve.
  • Largest Biosphere reserve in India = Kutch Biosphere Reserve.
  • Biosphere Reserves in Kerala = Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Related Resources

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

UNESCO recognised Biosphere Reserves in India

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