Branches of Biology from A to Z

In this post, we will discuss the Different Branches of Biology From a to z. In the point of view, Statistical general knowledge is very important in any competitive examination and Sub Divisions of Biology are an important aspect of statistical general knowledge. Every year there are one or two questions that come up in the various competitive exam from studies related to biology, such as UPSC, Bank, SSC, PSC etc. So all aspirants must know about Different Fields of Biology Branche’s Definition.

What is Biology

We know that our universe is made up of stars, planets, suns, and our world resides in a tiny corner of the universe. I ask throughout the question of what made our world such a beautiful thing, then the answer would be life. There is only life on earth, and biology is the study of life.

The word biology comes from two Greek words, the word bio which means life and logos which means study. But when we talk about life, it does not mean that we understand only humans, we also understand trees, animals, birds and various microorganisms. In below we discuss Different Branch of Biology and Sub-Branches of Biology.

Different Branch of Biology and their Meaning

Biology can be mainly divided into three parts. They study different sections of the organism.

  1. Zoology
  2. Botany
  3. Microbiology

What is Botany?

Botany is a department of biology that study of plants organisms and their environment, the activity of anatomy, the relationship with the environment.

Sub Branch of Botany

Botany is divided into ten section.They are

1. Taxonomy
2. Anatomy
3. Pathology
4. Genetics
5. Physiology
6. Ecology
7. Palaeology
8. Embryology
9. Morphology
10. Histology

What is Zoology

Zoology is about animals studying science. The word zoology means Zoo means animal and logy means study. Zoology is the study of the ecology, behaviour, and function of various organisms.

Sub Branch of Zoology

The zoologies are divided into six sections.

1. Protozoology
2. Ichthyology
3. mammalogy.
4. Ornithology
5. Entomology
6. Herpetology

What is Microbiology ?

Microbiology is a department of biology that studies small living things. Small living things refer to animals that we cannot see with empty eyes, they are called microbes. Such as algae, bacteria, fungi and protozoa etc.

Sub Branch of Microbiology

Microbiology is divided into two branches, the Purn branch and the Applied branch. The categories are given below.

Branches of Pure Science

1. Immunology
2. Bacteriology
3. Mycology
4. Genetics

5.Protozoology
6. Parasitology
7. Algology

Branch of Applied Science

1. Epidemiology
2. Medical Microbiology
3. Air Microbiology
4. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
5. Aquatic Microbiology
6. Industrial Microbiology
7. Agriculture Microbiology
8. Food Microbiology
9. Soil Microbiology

25 Main Branches of Biology List

The major branches of biology are discussed below:

SLBranch NameExplain
1BotanyBotany is about a science-based learning plant life.
2ZoologyZoology is the study of animals.
3MicrobiologyMicrobiology is study studies small living things.
4AnatomyIt is the investigation of the inner structure which can be seen with an independent eye after analyzation.
5MorphologyIt is the investigation of outside structure, size, shape, shading, structure and relative situation of the different living organ of living creatures.
6Cell BiologyStudy of Cell. It is the investigation of morphological, authoritative, biochemical, physiological, hereditary, formative, neurotic and transformative parts of the cell and its segments. This is cell definition biology.
7HistologyIt is the investigation of tissue association and structure as saw through the light magnifying instrument. The word Histology comes from two words, Histos means tissues and logy means knowledge.
8GeneticsIt is the investigation of the legacy of characters or heredity and varieties. Heredity is the investigation of articulation and transmission of attributes from guardians to posterity. This is a genetics definition of biology.
9PhysiologyIt is the investigation of various sorts of body capacities and procedures.
10TaxonomyIt is the study of distinguishing proof, terminology and characterization of living beings.
11EmbryologyIt is the investigation of preparation, development, division and separation of the zygote into an incipient organism or early improvement of living creatures before the achievement of structure and size of the posterity.
12Environmental BiologyIt manages the investigation of the collaborations between the life forms and their surroundings.
13PaleontologyIt manages the investigation of fossils or remains and impressions of past living beings present in the stones of various ages.
14ParasitologyThis branch manages the investigation of parasites.
15SociobiologyThis branch manages the investigation of social conduct of the animals that make social orders.
16ImmunologyIt is the investigation of the insusceptible arrangement of creatures, which protect the body against attacking organisms.
17BiotechnologyIt manages the pragmatic use of living beings to make substances for the government assistance of humankind.
18PharmacologyIt is the investigation of medications and their consequences for the arrangement of the human body.
19EntomologyIt is the study of insects
20BiophysicsBiophysics is a part of science that utilizes the techniques for material science to examine natural procedures.
21Molecular biologyIt is the investigation of the nature, physicochemical association, blend working and collaboration of bio-atoms that realize and control different exercises of the cellular material.
22BiomathematicsBiomathematics (otherwise called numerical science and by some of it subfields including computational science or frameworks science) is an interdisciplinary field that utilizes scientific methods and devices to show characteristic and natural procedures.
23BiochemistryStudy of chemical reactions in relations to life activities.
24BioeconomicsBioeconomics is the hypothesis of financial abuse of living assets, managing two powerful frameworks
25BiogeographyBiogeography is the investigation of the dispersion of species and biological systems in geographic space and through land time.

All Branches of biology A to Z

SLBranch NameExplain
1AnatomyStudy of inside structures subsequent to cutting or dismemberment.
2AcarologyStudy of tics and vermin.
3ActinobiologyStudy of radiation impacts on living being.
4AerobiologyStudy of Flying organisms.
5AgroforestryStudy of yields and trees crops are developed
6AgronomyStudy of yield plants
7AgrostologyStudy of grasses.
8AngiologyStudy of blood vascular framework.
9AnthologyStudy of flowers.
10AnthropologyStudy of apes and man.
11ApicultureStudy of Bee
12AraneologyStudy of Spider.
13ArthrologyStudy of joints.
14AschelitinthologyStudy of worms
15BacteriologyStudy of bacteria.
16BatrachologyStudy of frog.
17BiochemistryStudy of chemical reactions.
18BiometricsStudy of biological experiments.
19BiotechnologyStudy of biological organisms.
20BryologyStudy of Bryophytes.
21BiophysicsStudy of physical aspects of living organisms.
22CytologyStudy of cells and their organelles.
23CarcinologyStudy of crabs and crustaceans
24CardiologyStudy of heart.
25ChondrologyStudy of Cartilage.
26ChromatologyStudy of Pigments.
27CnidologyStudy of Coelenterata.
28ConchologyStudy of shells.
29CraniologyStudy of skulls
30CryobiologyStudy of in very lower temperature effects in life.
31CtetologyStudy of characteristics of organisms
32DendrologyStudy of shrubs and trees
33DendrologyStudy of shrubs and trees
34DermatologyStudy of skin
35EcobiologyStudy of problems of existence of life in outer space
36EcologyStudy of the relationship between organism and environment
37EmbryologyStudy of embryo
38EndocrinologyStudy of glands and their secretions
39EntomologyStudy of insects
40EnzymologyStudy of enzymes
41EthnologyStudy of man-kinds
42EthologyStudy of conditions of animals or behaviour.
43EtiologyStudy of diseases
44EugenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity.
45EuphenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by drug treatment.
46EuthenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by improving the environment.
47EvolutionStudy of inter-relationship between organisms of past and present days.
48ExobiologyStudy of Space biology
49FloricultureStudy of flower yielding plants
50GeneticsStudy of heredity and variations
51GerontologyStudy of growing old
52GynaecologyStudy of female reproductive organs
53HaematologyStudy of blood
54HelminthologyStudy of helminths
55HepatologyStudy of liver
56HerpetologyStudy of lizards and reptiles
57HypnologyStudy of sleep
58HistochemistryStudy of the chemical nature of tissues
59HorticultureStudy of flower and fruits plants
60IchnologyStudy of fossil and footprints
61ImmunologyStudy of resistance of organisms against infection
62KalologyStudy of sensory
63KaryologyStudy of nucleus
64LepidopterologyStudy of moths
65LichenologyStudy of lichens
66LimnologyStudy of relation of plants and animals with freshwater lakes, ponds and streams in
67MalacologyStudy of molluscs
68MammalogyStudy of mammals
69MastologyStudy of breasts
70MelanologyStudy of pigments
71Molecular BiologyStudy of life sciences
72MycologyStudy of fungi
73MyrmecologyStudy of ants
74NeonatologyStudy of the new-born ( one month of age )
75NephrologyStudy of kidney
76NeurologyStudy of the nervous system
77NidologyStudy of nests of birds
78NisologyStudy of diseases
79OdontologyStudy of teeth
80OlericultureStudy of vegetable
81OncologyStudy of cancer
82OneirologyStudy of dreams
83OntogenyStudy of embryonic history
84OologyStudy of bird egg
85OphthalmologyStudy of eyes
86OrganicologyStudy of the development of organs
87OrganologyStudy of organs
88OrnithologyStudy of Bird
89OsteologyStudy of Bone
90OtorhinolaryngologyStudy of ear, nose and throat
91PaedologyStudy of larval stages
92PaleozoologyStudy of fossils and fossils distribution in time.
93PalaeozoologyStudy of fossils of animals
94PalynologyStudy of pollen grains and relation to taxonomy and evolution
95ParasitologyStudy of parasites
96PathologyStudy of Human various diseases
97ParazoologyStudy of Porifera
98PedologyStudy of soils
99PharmacognosyStudy of the medicinal plants
100PharmacologyStudy of synthesis
101PhenologyStudy of organisms as affected by seasonal climates
102PhrenologyStudy of mental faculties of the brain
103PhycologyStudy of algae
104PhylogenyStudy of evolutionary history
105PhysiologyStudy of functions of various parts
106PiscicultureStudy of rearing of fishes
107Platyhelminth OlogyStudy of flatworms
108PomologyStudy of fruits
109PoultryStudy of keepings of foul
110ProctologyStudy of rectum and anus
111ProtistologyStudy of protests.
112PteridologyStudy of pteridophytes
113RainologyStudy of nose
114SaurologyStudy of lizards
115SericultureStudy of the culture of silk moth and pupa
116SerologyStudy of serum
117SerpentologyStudy of snakes
118SilvicultureStudy of forests
119SitologyStudy of dietetics
120SpeciologyStudy of species
121SpermologyStudy of seeds
122SplanchnologyStudy of visceral organs
123StomatologyStudy of buccal cavity and stomach
124SynecologyStudy of bony joints and ligaments
125Taxi dermatologyStudy of skin and stuffing
126TaxonomyStudy of classification of organisms
127TeratologyStudy of foetal malformations
128TorpedologyStudy of skates and rays
129ToxicologyStudy of narcotics
130TraumatologyStudy of wounds and turnover
131TrichologyStudy of hair
132TrophologyStudy of nutrition
133UrobiologyStudy of bodies in liquids by chemicals
134UrologyStudy of wine
135VirologyStudy of virus
136ZoogeographyStudy of distribution of animals on earth
137ZoophytologyStudy of micro-organisms
All Branches of Biology

Source : wikipedia

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